Primary small-cell carcinoma of the breast is an exceedingly rare variant of breast carcinoma whose genetic profile has not been previously investigated. We report the molecular features of 2 cases of small-cell carcinoma of the breast: 1 with an adjacent intraductal carcinoma, and 1 with prior pleomorphic lobular carcinoma in situ. Laser capture microdissection followed by loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis revealed identical molecular alterations at multiple chromosomal regions, including BRCA-1, BRCA-2, p53, and retinoblastoma gene loci, in 1 case of small-cell carcinoma and its adjacent intraductal component. Additionally, LOH in 1 or both small-cell carcinomas was detected at 3p, 4q31.2-qter, 8p21-24, 11q13 (MEN-1 locus), 11q23.3, 11q24.1-25, 16q24.1 (H-cadherin locus), and 17q25. The results of our molecular analysis suggest that genetic changes in mammary small-cell carcinoma resembled those seen in both invasive ductal carcinomas and pulmonary small-cell carcinoma. Second, mammary small-cell carcinoma is clonally related to ductal carcinoma in situ and might represent an example of divergent differentiation occuring in a multipotential neoplastic stem cell.
- Breast carcinoma
- Loss of heterozygosity
- Small-cell carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine