Primary human lymphocytes transduced with NY-ESO-1 antigen-specific TCR genes recognize and kill diverse human tumor cell lines

Yangbing Zhao, Zhili Zheng, Paul F. Robbins, Hung T. Khong, Steven A. Rosenberg, Richard A. Morgan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

cDNAs encoding TCR α- and β-chains specific for HLA-A2-restricted cancer-testis Ag NY-ESO-1 were cloned using a 5′RACE method from RNA isolated from a CTL generated by in vitro stimulation of PBMC with modified NY-ESO-1-specific peptide (p157-165, 9V). Functionality of the cloned TCR was confirmed by RNA electroporation of primary PBL. cDNA for these α- and β-chains were used to construct a murine stem cell virus-based retroviral vector, and high titer packaging cell lines were generated. Gene transfer efficiency in primary T lymphocytes of up to 60% was obtained without selection using a method of precoating retroviral vectors onto culture plates. Both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells could be transduced at the same efficiency. High avidity Ag recognition was demonstrated by coculture of transduced lymphocytes with target cells pulsed with low levels of peptide (<20 pM). TCR-transduced CD4 T cells, when cocultured with NY-ESO-1 peptide pulsed T2 cells, could produce IFN-γ, GM-CSF, IL-4, and IL-10, suggesting CD8-independent, HLA-A2-restricted TCR activation. The transduced lymphocytes could efficiently recognize and kill HLA-A2- and NY-ESO-1-positive melanoma cell lines in a 4-h 51Cr release assay. Finally, transduced T cells could efficiently recognize NY-ESO-1-positive nonmelanoma tumor cell lines. These results strongly support the idea that redirection of normal T cell specificity by TCR gene transfer can have potential applications in tumor adoptive immunotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4415-4423
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume174
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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