Primary Care Patients with Depression Are Less Accepting of Treatment Than Those Seen by Mental Health Specialists

Benjamin W. Van Voorhees, Lisa A Cooper, Kathryn M. Rost, Paul Nutting, Lisa V. Rubenstein, Lisa Meredith, Nae Yuh Wang, Daniel E Ford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether depressed patients treated exclusively in primary care report less need for care and less acceptability of treatment options than those depressed patients treated in the specialty mental health setting after up to 6 months of treatment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Forty-five community primary care practices. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 881 persons with major depression who had received mental health services in the previous 6 months and who enrolled in 3 of the 4 Quality Improvement for Depression Collaboration Studies. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Patients were categorized into 1 of 2 groups: 1) having received mental health services exclusively from a primary care provider (45%), or 2) having received any services from a mental health specialist (55%) in the previous 6 months. Compared with patients who received care from mental health specialists, patients who received mental health services exclusively from primary care providers had 2.7-fold the odds (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.6 to 4.4) of reporting that no treatment was definitely acceptable and had 2.4-fold the odds (95% CI, 1.5 to 3.9) of reporting that evidence-based treatment options (antidepressant medication) were definitely not acceptable. These results were adjusted for demographic, social/behavioral, depression severity, and economic factors using multiple logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with depression treated exclusively by primary care providers have attitudes and beliefs more averse to care than those seen by mental health specialists. These differences in attitudes and beliefs may contribute to lower quality depression care observed in comparisons of primary care and specialty mental health providers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)991-1000
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of General Internal Medicine
Volume18
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2003

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Primary Health Care
Mental Health
Mental Health Services
Depression
Therapeutics
Confidence Intervals
Quality of Health Care
Quality Improvement
Antidepressive Agents
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Economics
Demography

Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Depression
  • Quality improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Primary Care Patients with Depression Are Less Accepting of Treatment Than Those Seen by Mental Health Specialists. / Van Voorhees, Benjamin W.; Cooper, Lisa A; Rost, Kathryn M.; Nutting, Paul; Rubenstein, Lisa V.; Meredith, Lisa; Wang, Nae Yuh; Ford, Daniel E.

In: Journal of General Internal Medicine, Vol. 18, No. 12, 12.2003, p. 991-1000.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Van Voorhees, Benjamin W. ; Cooper, Lisa A ; Rost, Kathryn M. ; Nutting, Paul ; Rubenstein, Lisa V. ; Meredith, Lisa ; Wang, Nae Yuh ; Ford, Daniel E. / Primary Care Patients with Depression Are Less Accepting of Treatment Than Those Seen by Mental Health Specialists. In: Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2003 ; Vol. 18, No. 12. pp. 991-1000.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether depressed patients treated exclusively in primary care report less need for care and less acceptability of treatment options than those depressed patients treated in the specialty mental health setting after up to 6 months of treatment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Forty-five community primary care practices. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 881 persons with major depression who had received mental health services in the previous 6 months and who enrolled in 3 of the 4 Quality Improvement for Depression Collaboration Studies. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Patients were categorized into 1 of 2 groups: 1) having received mental health services exclusively from a primary care provider (45{\%}), or 2) having received any services from a mental health specialist (55{\%}) in the previous 6 months. Compared with patients who received care from mental health specialists, patients who received mental health services exclusively from primary care providers had 2.7-fold the odds (95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 1.6 to 4.4) of reporting that no treatment was definitely acceptable and had 2.4-fold the odds (95{\%} CI, 1.5 to 3.9) of reporting that evidence-based treatment options (antidepressant medication) were definitely not acceptable. These results were adjusted for demographic, social/behavioral, depression severity, and economic factors using multiple logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with depression treated exclusively by primary care providers have attitudes and beliefs more averse to care than those seen by mental health specialists. These differences in attitudes and beliefs may contribute to lower quality depression care observed in comparisons of primary care and specialty mental health providers.",
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