Primary afferent stimulation acts through a 193 base pair promoter region to upregulate preproenkephalin expression in dorsal horn of transgenic mice

Motohide Takemura, David M. Donovan, George R. Uhl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The expression of the principal opioid peptide gene, preproenkephalin A, is exquisitely regulated by primary afferent inputs to the spinal and medullary dorsal horns. This regulated expression in response to neural synaptic activity has been referred to as trans-synaptic regulation. To define which DNA regions could mediate this trans-synaptic regulation, transgenic 'HEC' mice whose genomes include 193 bp of the human preproenkephalin A promoter fused to a chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene were studied. Mice received unilateral electrical stimulation of the trigeminal ganglion or adjuvant injection into the hindpaw, stimuli known to regulate dorsal horn proenkephalin expression in vivo. CAT activity conferred by this promoter displayed trans-synaptic upregulation with both stimuli. Although the level of the upregulation was 2- to 3-fold higher than the change in the wild type gene, several features of this induction paralleled aspects of the behavior of the wild-type gene: the rapidity of responses to trigeminal ganglion stimulation, the stimulation intensity dependence of responses to trigeminal ganglion stimulation and the time course of upregulation noted following adjuvant injection. Regulatory proteins binding to this restricted promoter region are thus likely to mediate aspects of dorsal horn enkephalin regulation by pain and other somatic stimuli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular Brain Research
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Keywords

  • Arthritis
  • Dorsal horn
  • Electric stimulation
  • Pain
  • Preproenkephalin
  • Trans-synaptic regulation
  • Transgenic mouse
  • Trigeminal nerve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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