Conductas preventivas de la transmisión sexual de sida, de otras infecciones y del embarazo en estudiantes de secundaria.

Translated title of the contribution: Preventive behaviors for the sexual transmission of AIDS, other infections, and pregnancy in high-school students

O. Juárez, E. Díez, J. Barniol, F. Villamarín, M. Nebot, J. R. Villalbí

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To describe preventive behaviors and behavioral intentions related to AIDS sexual transmission, other sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancies among 10th grade Barcelona students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Stratified random sample from Barcelona secondary schools in 1996. SETTING: Secondary schools. PARTICIPANTS: 981 students at 35 10th grade classrooms. MAIN RESULTS: 82% of the students are 15-16 years old. 58% are girls. 16% have had sexual intercourse (boys 18% and girls 14%); among those, 43% of males and 30% of females have had only once sexual intercourse. 78% use always or almost always a condom. 22% of boys and 44% of girls have refused at least an opportunity of unprotected intercourse. Boys feel more confident to buy, carry on and use a condom, however girls feel more confident in convincing their partner and refusing unprotected sex. Among those with sexual experience, partner opinion predicts condom use (boys OR = 30.8 and girls OR = 8.8), as well as partner use (boys OR = 14.2 and girls OR = 15.4). Intention to use condoms with a regular partner is related to the perception of youth normative behaviors (boys OR = 10.9 and girls OR = 4.4) and friends opinion (boys OR = 6.2 and girls OR = 5.4). Condom use with a non regular partner is related also to the perception that its use avoids infections and unwanted pregnancies (boys OR = 9.9 and girls OR = 8.0). Intention to refuse unprotected sex relates, in both genders, to youth normative behaviors and self-efficacy to refuse unprotected intercourse. CONCLUSIONS: 16% of the 10th grade students have had a sexual intercourse. Only half part of them use always condom, although it is the contraceptive method more frequently used. Condom use relates mainly to partners opinions and their current use. Intentions to use condoms are associated also to friends opinion and youth social norm perception. Intention to use a condom with non regular partners aims avoiding diseases and unwanted pregnancies.

Translated title of the contributionPreventive behaviors for the sexual transmission of AIDS, other infections, and pregnancy in high-school students
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)194-202
Number of pages9
JournalAtencion primaria / Sociedad Española de Medicina de Familia y Comunitaria
Volume24
Issue number4
StatePublished - Sep 15 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice

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