Prevención de la obesidad infantil en España: Un enfoque en políticas ajenas al sector de la salud. Informe SESPAS 2010

Translated title of the contribution: Prevention of childhood obesity in Spain: A focus on policies outside the health sector. SESPAS report 2010

Manuel Franco, Belén Sanz, Laura Otero, Adrián Domínguez-Vila, Benjamín Caballero

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

Abstract

Obesity is currently a global public health problem. Obesity in early life increases the risk of long-term energy imbalance and adult obesity and its comorbidities, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Since infancy and childhood are critical periods for the adoption of food preferences and physical activity, prevention strategies must intervene in these early periods to promote healthy habits and reduce risk behaviors. Trends in the prevalence of childhood obesity and overweight in Spain have continuously increased in the last three decades. Obesity and overweight currently affect 15 and 20% of Spanish children, respectively, and these percentages are among the highest in Europe. Childhood obesity is determined by social and economic factors pertaining to sectors other than the health system, such as advertising, the built environment, education and the school environment, transportation and the food environment. Following the Health in All Policies (HiAP) approach, the authors identified a series of multisector policy changes that may help to prevent and control the current rising trend of childhood obesity in Spain. The HiAP approach acknowledges that social factors including socioeconomic status, gender differences and the work-life balance are important to develop effective policy changes in the prevention of childhood obesity. A key to success in the prevention of childhood obesity in Spain through policy changes will depend on the ability to establish a policy with the explicit and primary goal of improving health outcomes, despite the anticipated resistance from various sectors and stakeholders.

Translated title of the contributionPrevention of childhood obesity in Spain: A focus on policies outside the health sector. SESPAS report 2010
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)49-55
Number of pages7
JournalGaceta Sanitaria
Volume24
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Keywords

  • Childhood obesity
  • Epidemiology
  • Health policy
  • Prevention
  • Public policy
  • Spain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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