CRBSIs are expensive, prevalent, and often fatal complications. In the past few years, several preventive interventions have been applied with excellent results toward decreasing CRBSIs. Studies show that most CRBSIs are preventable; therefore, health care organizations should strive to substantially reduce if not eliminate them. In addition to being a measure of quality of care, reducing infections will soon be a bottom-line issue, given that the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services announced its decision to cease paying hospitals from October 2008 for some care necessitated by "preventable complications" , including CRBSIs. Therefore, health care facilities that do not make the necessary adjustments to improve the quality of their patient care and avoid harm may be economically penalized. This article reviews the available evidence on and possible barriers to the widespread use of preventive strategies. The health care community has struggled to build a culture that can eliminate the barriers obstructing high-quality care. These new approaches must facilitate collaboration among caregivers. During the past few years, much effort has been dedicated to researching causes for inadequate patient care and executing interventions to improve processes of care; only now are projects beginning to focus on evaluating whether patients are safer. This article discusses the prevention of CRBSIs and shows that substantial reductions in the rate of these infections are possible. It is no longer acceptable for health care organizations to have the goal of being at the CDC mean for rate of infections; they should strive to substantially reduce or even eliminate them. Patients deserve no less.
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