Prevention and screening of post-traumatic stress disorder in older adults

Emmanuel Osei-Boamah, Brunhilde J. Pilkins, Steven R. Gambert

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is underrecognized and underdiagnosed in older persons. Clinicians might mistake the early signs and symptoms of PTSD for other medical disorders or diseases, as side effects of some medications, or as natural conditions associated with aging. However, recognition and treatment of PTSD is important not only for improving quality of life, but also because untreated PTSD has been associated with substance abuse; self-destructive behavior, including suicidal ideation; aggression toward others; and a variety of psychiatric disorders causing physical and/or cognitive impairment. This article, the second in a series on PTSD, reviews the prevalence and risk factors of PTSD among the geriatric population, describes the diagnostic criteria of PTSD, and briefly discusses some of the early interventions that clinicians can use to prevent, reduce, or delay the onset of PTSD in older patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Geriatrics
Volume21
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

Keywords

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Avoidance
  • Elder abuse
  • Elder neglect
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Traumatic experience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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  • Cite this

    Osei-Boamah, E., Pilkins, B. J., & Gambert, S. R. (2013). Prevention and screening of post-traumatic stress disorder in older adults. Clinical Geriatrics, 21(7).