Prevalence of self-reported sleep duration and sleep habits in type 2 diabetes patients in South Trinidad

Rishi Ramtahal, Claude Khan, Kavita Maharaj-Khan, Sriram Nallamothu, Avery Hinds, Andrew Dhanoo, Hsin Chieh Yeh, Felicia Hill-Briggs, Mariana Lazo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present study aims to determine the prevalence of self-reported sleep duration and sleep habits and their associated factors in patients with type 2 diabetes in Trinidad. This was a cross-sectional multicenter study. There were 291 patients with type 2 diabetes studied. Sleep habits were assessed using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey sleep disorder questionnaire. Demographic, anthropometric and biochemical data were also collected. The sample had a mean age of 58.8 years; 66.7% were female. The mean BMI was 28.9 kg/m2. The prevalence of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness (EDS) was 11.3%. The prevalence of patients with short sleep (⩽6 h) was 28.5%. The prevalence of patients with poor sleep was 63.9%. Poor sleep was associated with age, intensive anti-diabetic treatment and longer duration of diabetes. Short sleep was associated with intensive anti-diabetic treatment and BMI, while EDS was associated with increased BMI. In a sample of patients with type 2 diabetes, a high prevalence of self-reported sleep duration and unhealthy sleep habits was found. There needs to be an increased awareness of sleep conditions in adults with type 2 diabetes by doctors caring for these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S35-S43
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Global Health
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Excessive daytime sleepiness
  • Poor sleep quality
  • Short sleep
  • Sleep disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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