Objective: to assess the prevalence of prenatal exposure to cocaine in a sample of newborns using two methods: fluorescence polarization immunoassay and interview with the mother. Methods: this cross-sectional study was carried out in a university teaching hospital. The population included all live births between March 23, 1999 and June 01, 1999 (n=847). Exposure was determined by a benzoylecgonine-positive meconium specimen and/or by a positive interview with the mother. Results: the prevalence of prenatal exposure to cocaine in this sample was 2.4% (16 cases) according to the interviews, and 3.4% (25 cases) according to the meconium analysis. A rate of 4.6% (34 cases) was found when both methods were associated. Conclusions: we observed that the meconium test was more effective than the maternal interview for the diagnosis of prenatal exposure to cocaine. The meconium analysis enhanced diagnostic chances by 53.4%, compared to 26% in the case of maternal interview.
|Translated title of the contribution||Prevalence of prenatal exposure to cocaine in a sample of newborns from a university teaching hospital|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Jornal de Pediatria|
|State||Published - 2001|
- Drug abuse
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health