Prevalência da exposição pré-natal à cocaína em uma amostra de recém-nascidos de um hospital geral universitário

Translated title of the contribution: Prevalence of prenatal exposure to cocaine in a sample of newborns from a university teaching hospital

Gabrielle B. Da Cunha, Newra T. Rotta, Alexandre R. Silva, Ana L. Dieder, Ana L. Wolf, Carolina Moser, Flora F. Silva, Mariana P. Socal, Patrícia F. Silva, Regina Margis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: to assess the prevalence of prenatal exposure to cocaine in a sample of newborns using two methods: fluorescence polarization immunoassay and interview with the mother. Methods: this cross-sectional study was carried out in a university teaching hospital. The population included all live births between March 23, 1999 and June 01, 1999 (n=847). Exposure was determined by a benzoylecgonine-positive meconium specimen and/or by a positive interview with the mother. Results: the prevalence of prenatal exposure to cocaine in this sample was 2.4% (16 cases) according to the interviews, and 3.4% (25 cases) according to the meconium analysis. A rate of 4.6% (34 cases) was found when both methods were associated. Conclusions: we observed that the meconium test was more effective than the maternal interview for the diagnosis of prenatal exposure to cocaine. The meconium analysis enhanced diagnostic chances by 53.4%, compared to 26% in the case of maternal interview.

Translated title of the contributionPrevalence of prenatal exposure to cocaine in a sample of newborns from a university teaching hospital
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)369-373
Number of pages5
JournalJornal de Pediatria
Volume77
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Cocaine
  • Drug abuse
  • Epidemiology
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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    Da Cunha, G. B., Rotta, N. T., Silva, A. R., Dieder, A. L., Wolf, A. L., Moser, C., Silva, F. F., Socal, M. P., Silva, P. F., & Margis, R. (2001). Prevalência da exposição pré-natal à cocaína em uma amostra de recém-nascidos de um hospital geral universitário. Jornal de Pediatria, 77(5), 369-373. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0021-75572001000500006