Prevalence of perceived dysphagia and quality-of-life impairment in a geriatric population

Po Hung Chen, Justin S. Golub, Edie R. Hapner, Michael M. Johns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Dysphagia is an important problem for the elderly. While well characterized in acutely ill populations, the prevalence and quality-of-life changes associated with dysphagia remain poorly defined in the community geriatric population. This study recruited individuals 65 years and older from an independent-living facility. Two validated questionnaires were used: the M.D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI) and the general health Short Form-12 survey (SF-12v2TM). Each participant also answered two questions: "Do you have difficulties with swallowing?" and "Do you think that swallowing difficulties are a natural part of aging?" Fifteen percent of subjects reported difficulties with swallowing. Of these, over half suffered substantial quality-of-life impairment in one or more domains of the MDADI. With respect to the second question, 23.4% of subjects believed dysphagia to be a normal part of aging, 37.4% did not. The SF-12v2 only weakly correlated with the MDADI in this population. In conclusion, there is a relatively high prevalence of dysphagia in the community-based geriatric population; significant quality-of-life impairment is a frequent finding. General health measures do not appear to be sensitive to swallowing-related quality of life. Finally, individuals may inaccurately ascribe swallowing problems to normal aging, supporting the role of community education about dysphagia in the elderly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalDysphagia
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Deglutition
  • Deglutition disorders
  • ENGL Dysphagia
  • Esophagus
  • Geriatric
  • Pharynx
  • Swallowing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Speech and Hearing

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