Prevalence of intimate partner abuse in women treated at community hospital emergency departments

Stephen R. Dearwater, Jeffrey H. Coben, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Gregory Nah, Nancy Ellen Glass, Elizabeth McLoughlin, Betty Bekemeier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Context. - The majority of prior studies examining intimate partner abuse in the emergency department (ED) setting have been conducted in large, urban tertiary care settings and may not reflect the experiences of women seen at community hospital EDs, which treat the majority of ED patients in the United States. Objective. - To determine the prevalence of intimate partner abuse among female patients presenting for treatment in community hospital EDs and describe their characteristics. Design. - An anonymous survey conducted from 1995 through 1997 inquiring about physical, sexual, and emotional abuse. Setting. - Eleven community EDs in Pennsylvania and California. Participants. - All women aged 18 years or older who came to the ED during selected shifts. Main Outcome Measures. - Reported acute trauma from abuse, past-year physical or sexual abuse, and lifetime physical or emotional abuse. Results. - Surveys were completed by 3455 (74%) of 4641 women seen. The prevalence of reported abuse by an intimate partner was 2.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.7%-2.7%) for acute trauma from abuse, 14.4% (95% CI, 13.2%15.6%) for past-year physical or sexual abuse, and 36.9% (95% CI, 35.3%-38.6%) for lifetime emotional or physical abuse. California had significantly higher reported rates of past-year physical or sexual abuse (17% vs 12%, P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-438
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Medical Association
Volume280
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 5 1998

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Hospital Departments
Sex Offenses
Community Hospital
Hospital Emergency Service
Confidence Intervals
Wounds and Injuries
Tertiary Healthcare
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Physical Abuse
Intimate Partner Violence
Surveys and Questionnaires
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Prevalence of intimate partner abuse in women treated at community hospital emergency departments. / Dearwater, Stephen R.; Coben, Jeffrey H.; Campbell, Jacquelyn C; Nah, Gregory; Glass, Nancy Ellen; McLoughlin, Elizabeth; Bekemeier, Betty.

In: Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 280, No. 5, 05.08.1998, p. 433-438.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dearwater, Stephen R. ; Coben, Jeffrey H. ; Campbell, Jacquelyn C ; Nah, Gregory ; Glass, Nancy Ellen ; McLoughlin, Elizabeth ; Bekemeier, Betty. / Prevalence of intimate partner abuse in women treated at community hospital emergency departments. In: Journal of the American Medical Association. 1998 ; Vol. 280, No. 5. pp. 433-438.
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