Prevalence of HIV-1 seropositivity in syringes discarded by intravenous drug users in Barcelona

Joan A. Caylà, Antoni Plasència, Oscar García, Francesc Valls, Josep Ll Bimbela, Josep M. Jansà, Oriol Vall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We tested the syringes recently abandoned in the inner city of Barcelona for HIV-1 antibodies. We stratified the 416 syringes collected and analysed them according to several variables. Of those with visible blood and needles 57.3% were positive. Multivariate analysis confirmed as predictors the presence of visible blood (OR=2.62; 95% Cl: 1.12-6.13), dirty appearance (OR=1.63; 95% Cl: 1.01-2.65), the neighbourhood in which they were collected (p=0.06) and the second collection period (OR=1.92; 95% Cl: 1.21-3.05), with an interaction between the presence of visible blood plus needles (OR=7, 82; 95% Cl: 2.17-28.22). The findings suggest that the syringes with these characteristics have the highest risk for the intravenous drug-user population who still share needles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-96
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1995

Keywords

  • HIV-1
  • Heroin dependence
  • Population surveillance
  • Risk factors
  • Syringes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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