Prevalence of HIV-1 seropositivity in syringes discarded by intravenous drug users in Barcelona

Joan A. Caylà, Antoni Plasència, Oscar García, Francesc Valls, Josep Ll Bimbela, Josep M. Jansà, Oriol Vall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We tested the syringes recently abandoned in the inner city of Barcelona for HIV-1 antibodies. We stratified the 416 syringes collected and analysed them according to several variables. Of those with visible blood and needles 57.3% were positive. Multivariate analysis confirmed as predictors the presence of visible blood (OR=2.62; 95% Cl: 1.12-6.13), dirty appearance (OR=1.63; 95% Cl: 1.01-2.65), the neighbourhood in which they were collected (p=0.06) and the second collection period (OR=1.92; 95% Cl: 1.21-3.05), with an interaction between the presence of visible blood plus needles (OR=7, 82; 95% Cl: 2.17-28.22). The findings suggest that the syringes with these characteristics have the highest risk for the intravenous drug-user population who still share needles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-96
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

drug user
HIV Seropositivity
Syringes
syringes
human immunodeficiency virus
Human immunodeficiency virus 1
Drug Users
seroprevalence
Needles
Blood
HIV-1
Drugs
blood
drugs
HIV Antibodies
Multivariate Analysis
Several Variables
multivariate analysis
Antibody
Antibodies

Keywords

  • Heroin dependence
  • HIV-1
  • Population surveillance
  • Risk factors
  • Syringes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Ecology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Caylà, J. A., Plasència, A., García, O., Valls, F., Bimbela, J. L., Jansà, J. M., & Vall, O. (1995). Prevalence of HIV-1 seropositivity in syringes discarded by intravenous drug users in Barcelona. European Journal of Public Health, 5(2), 94-96. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/5.2.94

Prevalence of HIV-1 seropositivity in syringes discarded by intravenous drug users in Barcelona. / Caylà, Joan A.; Plasència, Antoni; García, Oscar; Valls, Francesc; Bimbela, Josep Ll; Jansà, Josep M.; Vall, Oriol.

In: European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1995, p. 94-96.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Caylà, JA, Plasència, A, García, O, Valls, F, Bimbela, JL, Jansà, JM & Vall, O 1995, 'Prevalence of HIV-1 seropositivity in syringes discarded by intravenous drug users in Barcelona', European Journal of Public Health, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 94-96. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/5.2.94
Caylà, Joan A. ; Plasència, Antoni ; García, Oscar ; Valls, Francesc ; Bimbela, Josep Ll ; Jansà, Josep M. ; Vall, Oriol. / Prevalence of HIV-1 seropositivity in syringes discarded by intravenous drug users in Barcelona. In: European Journal of Public Health. 1995 ; Vol. 5, No. 2. pp. 94-96.
@article{292190f5ecd84e4095e4993ce58f6cfe,
title = "Prevalence of HIV-1 seropositivity in syringes discarded by intravenous drug users in Barcelona",
abstract = "We tested the syringes recently abandoned in the inner city of Barcelona for HIV-1 antibodies. We stratified the 416 syringes collected and analysed them according to several variables. Of those with visible blood and needles 57.3{\%} were positive. Multivariate analysis confirmed as predictors the presence of visible blood (OR=2.62; 95{\%} Cl: 1.12-6.13), dirty appearance (OR=1.63; 95{\%} Cl: 1.01-2.65), the neighbourhood in which they were collected (p=0.06) and the second collection period (OR=1.92; 95{\%} Cl: 1.21-3.05), with an interaction between the presence of visible blood plus needles (OR=7, 82; 95{\%} Cl: 2.17-28.22). The findings suggest that the syringes with these characteristics have the highest risk for the intravenous drug-user population who still share needles.",
keywords = "Heroin dependence, HIV-1, Population surveillance, Risk factors, Syringes",
author = "Cayl{\`a}, {Joan A.} and Antoni Plas{\`e}ncia and Oscar Garc{\'i}a and Francesc Valls and Bimbela, {Josep Ll} and Jans{\`a}, {Josep M.} and Oriol Vall",
year = "1995",
doi = "10.1093/eurpub/5.2.94",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "94--96",
journal = "European Journal of Public Health",
issn = "1101-1262",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of HIV-1 seropositivity in syringes discarded by intravenous drug users in Barcelona

AU - Caylà, Joan A.

AU - Plasència, Antoni

AU - García, Oscar

AU - Valls, Francesc

AU - Bimbela, Josep Ll

AU - Jansà, Josep M.

AU - Vall, Oriol

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - We tested the syringes recently abandoned in the inner city of Barcelona for HIV-1 antibodies. We stratified the 416 syringes collected and analysed them according to several variables. Of those with visible blood and needles 57.3% were positive. Multivariate analysis confirmed as predictors the presence of visible blood (OR=2.62; 95% Cl: 1.12-6.13), dirty appearance (OR=1.63; 95% Cl: 1.01-2.65), the neighbourhood in which they were collected (p=0.06) and the second collection period (OR=1.92; 95% Cl: 1.21-3.05), with an interaction between the presence of visible blood plus needles (OR=7, 82; 95% Cl: 2.17-28.22). The findings suggest that the syringes with these characteristics have the highest risk for the intravenous drug-user population who still share needles.

AB - We tested the syringes recently abandoned in the inner city of Barcelona for HIV-1 antibodies. We stratified the 416 syringes collected and analysed them according to several variables. Of those with visible blood and needles 57.3% were positive. Multivariate analysis confirmed as predictors the presence of visible blood (OR=2.62; 95% Cl: 1.12-6.13), dirty appearance (OR=1.63; 95% Cl: 1.01-2.65), the neighbourhood in which they were collected (p=0.06) and the second collection period (OR=1.92; 95% Cl: 1.21-3.05), with an interaction between the presence of visible blood plus needles (OR=7, 82; 95% Cl: 2.17-28.22). The findings suggest that the syringes with these characteristics have the highest risk for the intravenous drug-user population who still share needles.

KW - Heroin dependence

KW - HIV-1

KW - Population surveillance

KW - Risk factors

KW - Syringes

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77956981843&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77956981843&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/eurpub/5.2.94

DO - 10.1093/eurpub/5.2.94

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77956981843

VL - 5

SP - 94

EP - 96

JO - European Journal of Public Health

JF - European Journal of Public Health

SN - 1101-1262

IS - 2

ER -