Prevalence of GJB2 mutations and the del(GJB6-D13S1830) in Argentinean non-syndromic deaf patients

Viviana Dalamón, Agustina Béhèran, Fernando Diamante, Norma Pallares, Vicente Diamante, Ana Belén Elgoyhen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Genetically caused congenital deafness is a common trait affecting 1 in 2000 children and it is predominantly inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion. Several mutations in the GJB2 gene and a deletion of 342 kb in GJB6 (delGJB6-D13S1830) have been identified worldwide in patients with hearing impairment. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of these mutations in Argentina. Non-syndromic 46 probands (17 familial and 29 sporadic cases) were genetically evaluated. Mutations in GJB2 and/or delGJB6-D13S1830 were found in 19 patients, accounting for 41.3% of the sample. Of the 46 patients investigated in this study, 12 (26.1%) were diagnosed to carry sequence variations in both alleles; all but one, were considered causative for hearing impairment in those patients. In 7 out of 46 patients (15.2%) only one mutant allele was detected. Of their 38 chromosomes, 71% resulted with mutations in the GJB2 gene and 11% in GJB6. The most frequent mutation in GJB2 (24%) was c.35delG (11% homozygous and 13% heterozygous and compound heterozygous). In addition, 11 sequence variations different from c.35delG, were identified in the coding region of the GJB2 gene: T8M, V27I, M34T, E47X, R75W, W77R, I82M, L90P, E129K, V153I, M163V. The delGJB6-D13S1830 mutation was found in 4 patients (9%), 3 of them associated with GJB2 mutations, resulting in compound heterozygous for the DFNB1 locus. The present study demonstrates that mutations in the GJB2 gene and the delGJB6-D13S1830 are prevalent in the Argentinean population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-49
Number of pages7
JournalHearing Research
Volume207
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • c.35delG mutation
  • Connexin 26
  • Connexin 30
  • Deafness
  • delGJB6-D13S1830
  • GJB2
  • GJB6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems

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