Prevalence of diabetes and intermediate hyperglycemia among adults from the first multinational study of noncommunicable diseases in six Central American Countries: The Central America Diabetes Initiative (CAMDI)

Alberto Barcelo, Edward W. Gregg, Robert B. Gerzoff, Roy Wong, Enrique Perez Flores, Manuel Ramirez-Zea, Elizabeth Cafiero, Lesbia Altamirano, Melanie Ascencio Rivera, Gerardo De Cosio, Martha Dinorah De Maza, Roberto Del Aguila, Englebert Emanuel, Gil Enrique, Ethan Gough, Valerie Jenkins, Patrícia Orellana, Ruben Palma, Ruben Palomo, Martha PastoraRodolfo Peña, Elia Pineda, Bismark Rodriguez, Luis Tacsan, Loraine Thompson, Lucy Villagra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


OBJECTIVE - The increasing burdens of obesity and diabetes are two of the most prominent threats to the health of populations of developed and developing countries alike. The Central America Diabetes Initiative (CAMDI) is the first study to examine the prevalence of diabetes in Central America. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - The CAMDI survey was a cross-sectional survey based on a probabilistic sample of the noninstitutionalized population of five Central American populations conducted between 2003 and 2006. The total sample population was 10,822, of whom 7,234 (67%) underwent anthropometry measurement and a fasting blood glucose or 2-h oral glucose tolerance test. RESULTS - The total prevalence of diabetes was 8.5%, but was higher in Belize (12.9%) and lower in Honduras (5.4%). Of the screened population, 18.6% had impaired glucose tolerance/impaired fasting glucose. CONCLUSIONS - As this population ages, the prevalence of diabetes is likely to continue to rise in a dramatic and devastating manner. Preventive strategies must be quickly introduced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)738-740
Number of pages3
JournalDiabetes Care
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2012
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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