Prevalence of Diabetes and Cardiometabolic Disorders in Spouses of Diabetic Individuals

Jichao Sun, Jieli Lu, Weiqing Wang, Yiming Mu, Jiajun Zhao, Chao Liu, Lulu Chen, Lixin Shi, Qiang Li, Tao Yang, Li Yan, Qin Wan, Shengli Wu, Yan Liu, Guixia Wang, Zuojie Luo, Xulei Tang, Gang Chen, Yanan Huo, Zhengnan GaoQing Su, Zhen Ye, Youmin Wang, Guijun Qin, Huacong Deng, Xuefeng Yu, Feixia Shen, Li Chen, Liebin Zhao, Yufang Bi, Min Xu, Yu Xu, Meng Dai, Tiange Wang, Di Zhang, Shenghan Lai, Guang Ning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pairs of spouses share common lifestyle factors. In a cross-sectional analysis, we investigated whether spouses of diabetic individuals had a higher prevalence of diabetes and cardiometabolic disorders in a community-based population of Chinese adults aged 40 years or older between 2011 and 2012. A total of 34,805 pairs of spouses were identified. All participants underwent a standard oral glucose tolerance test and provided detailed clinical, sociodemographic, and lifestyle information. Diabetes and multiple cardiometabolic disorders were defined according to standard criteria. Compared with participants whose spouses did not have diabetes, participants whose spouses had diabetes had higher odds of having diabetes (for men, odds ratio (OR) = 1.33, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.22, 1.45; for women, OR = 1.35, 95% CI: 1.24, 1.47), obesity (for men, OR = 1.34, 95% CI: 1.13, 1.59; for women, OR = 1.19, 95% CI: 1.05, 1.35), metabolic syndrome (for men, OR = 1.31, 95% CI: 1.21, 1.42; for women, OR = 1.12, 95% CI: 1.04, 1.20), and cardiovascular disease (for men, OR = 1.18, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.34; for women, OR = 1.18, 95% CI: 1.03, 1.35). The associations were independent of age, body mass index, education, family history of diabetes, cigarette smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity, and diet. Spousal diabetes was simple and valuable information for identifying individuals at risk for diabetes and cardiometabolic disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)400-409
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume184
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • cardiometabolic disorders
  • concordance
  • cross-sectional studies
  • diabetes mellitus, type 2
  • spouses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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