Chronic hemodialysis and renal transplantation have proved to be effective methods of treatment for some people with terminal chronic renal failure (CRF). The prevalence of CRF must be known in order to plan for the establishment of hemodialysis and transplantation units, and problems in access to these services identified so that planned facilities may be used optimally. In a survey of physicians practising in the South-eastern Hospital Board of Scotland 218 people have been identified as having CFR, and a prevalence of 19/100, 000 was obtained. Some socioeconomic and clinical characteristics of the CRF population are discussed with respect to determining how many are potentially eligible for dialysis and some of the barriers to dialysis.
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