Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among those with serious mental illness

Seth Himelhoch, Anthony Lehman, Julie Kreyenbuhl, Gail Daumit, Clayton Brown, Lisa Dixon

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

Abstract

Objective: Individuals with serious mental illness have elevated smoking rates, and smoking is a significant risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The goal was to determine the prevalence of COPD among those with serious mental illness. Method: The authors surveyed a random sample of 200 adults with serious mental illness with questions from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study III that were previously used to estimate the national prevalence of COPD. They compared the prevalence of COPD in the sample to a randomly selected matched subset of national comparison subjects. Results: The prevalence of COPD was 22.6%. Those with serious mental illness were significantly more likely to have chronic bronchitis (19.5% versus 6.1%) and emphysema (7.9% versus 1.5%) than the comparison subjects. Conclusions: The prevalence of COPD is significantly higher among those with serious mental illness than comparison subjects. Improved primary and secondary prevention is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2317-2319
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume161
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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