Prevalence of and progression to abnormal noninvasive markers of liver disease (aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index and Fibrosis-4) among US HIV-infected youth

Bill G. Kapogiannis, Erin Leister, George K. Siberry, Russell B. Van Dyke, Bret Rudy, Patricia Flynn, Paige L. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To longitudinally characterize noninvasive markers of liver disease in HIV-infected youth. Design: HIV infection, without viral hepatitis coinfection, may contribute to liver disease. Noninvasive markers of liver disease [FIB-4 (Fibrosis-4) and APRI (aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index)] have been evaluated in adults with concomitant HIV and hepatitis C, but are less studied in children. Methods: In prospective cohorts of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected youth, we used linear regression models to compare log-transformed FIB-4 and APRI measures by HIV status based on a single visit at ages 15-20 years. We also longitudinally modeled trends in these measures in HIV-infected youth with two or more visits to compare those with behavioral vs. perinatal HIV infection (PHIV) using mixed effect linear regression, adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, and race/ethnicity. Results: Of 1785 participants, 41% were men, 57% black non-Hispanic, and 27% Hispanic. More HIV-infected than uninfected youth had an APRI score more than 0.5 (13 vs. 3%, P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)889-898
Number of pages10
JournalAIDS
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 27 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Aspartate Aminotransferases
Liver Diseases
Fibrosis
Blood Platelets
HIV
Linear Models
HIV Infections
Hepatitis C
Coinfection
Hispanic Americans
Hepatitis
Body Mass Index

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • HIV infection
  • noninvasive liver disease markers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Prevalence of and progression to abnormal noninvasive markers of liver disease (aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index and Fibrosis-4) among US HIV-infected youth. / Kapogiannis, Bill G.; Leister, Erin; Siberry, George K.; Van Dyke, Russell B.; Rudy, Bret; Flynn, Patricia; Williams, Paige L.

In: AIDS, Vol. 30, No. 6, 27.03.2016, p. 889-898.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kapogiannis, Bill G. ; Leister, Erin ; Siberry, George K. ; Van Dyke, Russell B. ; Rudy, Bret ; Flynn, Patricia ; Williams, Paige L. / Prevalence of and progression to abnormal noninvasive markers of liver disease (aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index and Fibrosis-4) among US HIV-infected youth. In: AIDS. 2016 ; Vol. 30, No. 6. pp. 889-898.
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