Prevalence of adenomas and sessile serrated adenomas in Chinese compared with Caucasians

Vivek Kumbhari, Jason Behary, Jason Minco Hui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and Aims: Colonic adenomas and sessile serrated adenomas (SSA) are the most common premalignant polyps identified at colonoscopy. This study compares the prevalence of neoplastic polyps in Chinese and Caucasians in a general gastroenterology outpatient practice in Australia. Methods: This study included consecutive unselected colonoscopies performed for standard clinical indications by a single endoscopist (JMH). All polyps detected were measured, resected, and sent for histopathology. The prevalence of adenomas, advanced adenomas, SSA, and cancer in the Chinese and Caucasian cohorts were compared. Advanced adenomas were defined as adenomas >10mm, villous histology, or high-grade dysplasia. Results: The study included 346 Chinese and 654 Caucasians. There was no significant difference in the baseline characteristics including age, gender, and indications of colonoscopy, although Chinese were more likely to present with rectal bleeding (22.8% vs 15.9%, P=0.01). The prevalence of adenomatous polyps was similar in both Caucasians (34.3%) and Chinese (35.3%). However, advanced adenomas were more significantly common in Caucasians (11.3%) compared with Chinese (4.6%) (P<0.001). SSA was rare in Chinese (2%) but present more frequently in Caucasians (7%) (P=0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that Caucasian ethnicity (odds ratio 2.4, 95% confidence interval 1.6-3.6) and the presence of SSA (odds ratio 4.4, 95% confidence interval 2.3-8.6) were independent predictors for the detection of an advanced adenoma. Conclusions: The prevalence of significant colorectal lesions, including advanced adenomas, large adenomas, and SSA, were lower in Chinese compared with Caucasians. These findings may influence the guidelines for colonic cancer screening in Chinese populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)608-612
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adenoma
  • Advanced adenoma
  • Caucasian
  • Chinese
  • Polyps
  • Sessile serrated adenoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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