Prevalence and risk factors of elevated blood pressure, overweight, and dyslipidemia in adolescent and young adults in rural Nepal

Christine P. Stewart, Parul S Christian, Lee Shu Fune Wu, Steven C. Leclerq, Subarna K. Khatry, Keith West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Chronic disease begins early in life, yet population data are sparse on potential causal factors in children and young adults in South Asia. Methods: We assessed risk factors for chronic disease in two population cohorts, aged 9-23 years, in rural Nepal. Assessed variables included short height (less than -2 z), high body mass index (BMI) (z>0.42), waist circumference (WC) >90 cm (male) or 80 cm (female) or age-adjusted child cutoff], high blood pressure (>120/80 mmHg), fasting glucose (≥100 mg/dL), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) (>7%), blood lipids [triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and total cholesterol], diet, smoking, alcohol, and socioeconomic status (SES) factors. Results: The population was stunted (46%) and few were overweight (∼2%-4% with high BMI or WC). Twelve percent had high blood pressure. Plasma hypertriglyceridemia (≥150 mg/dL) affected ∼8.5%, and 78% had low HDL-C concentrations

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-328
Number of pages10
JournalMetabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

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Nepal
Dyslipidemias
Young Adult
Waist Circumference
Blood Pressure
HDL Cholesterol
Body Mass Index
Chronic Disease
Population
Hypertension
Hypertriglyceridemia
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A
Social Class
LDL Cholesterol
Fasting
Triglycerides
Smoking
Cholesterol
Alcohols
Diet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Prevalence and risk factors of elevated blood pressure, overweight, and dyslipidemia in adolescent and young adults in rural Nepal. / Stewart, Christine P.; Christian, Parul S; Wu, Lee Shu Fune; Leclerq, Steven C.; Khatry, Subarna K.; West, Keith.

In: Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, Vol. 11, No. 5, 01.10.2013, p. 319-328.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Khatry, Subarna K.

AU - West, Keith

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