Prevalence and risk factors for self-reported chronic disease amongst Inuvialuit populations

E. Erber, L. Beck, E. De Roose, S. Sharma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Chronic disease prevalence amongst Canadian Arctic populations is increasing, but the literature amongst Inuvialuit is limited. The present study aimed to provide baseline data that could be used to monitor changes in chronic disease risk factors and long-term health in the Arctic by determining prevalence and risk factors of self-reported chronic disease amongst adult Inuvialuit in remote communities. Methods: Self-reported demographics and history of chronic disease (hypertension, heart disease, diabetes and cancer) were collected in three communities between July 2007 and July 2008 in the Northwest Territories. Food frequency questionnaires recorded dietary intake, International Physical Activity Questionnaires recorded physical activity and anthropometric measures of height and weight were obtained. Results: Response rates ranged from 65-85%. More than 20% of the 228 participants aged 19-84 years reported having a chronic disease. Age-adjusted prevalence was 28, 9, 9 and 6 per 100 for hypertension, heart disease, diabetes and cancer, respectively. Compared with non-cases, participants reporting hypertension were more likely to have a higher body mass index and a lower level of education. Hypertension was more common amongst participants reporting heart disease and diabetes than Inuvialuit not reporting these morbidities. Conclusions: Inuvialuit participants in this study were most affected by hypertension and diabetes compared with heart disease or any cancer. Female participants had a higher prevalence of heart disease compared with the Canadian average. Primary preventive strategies are necessary to mitigate the increasing rates of chronic disease risk factors in this population. Further studies with a larger sample size and measured chronic disease are necessary to confirm the findings obtained in the present study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-50
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume23
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

Keywords

  • Arctic
  • Chronic disease
  • Inuvialuit
  • Prevalence
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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