Prevalence and Predictors of Depressive Symptoms in Pregnant African American Women

Nancy Jallo, R. K. Elswick, Patricia Kinser, Saba Masho, Sarah Kye Price, Dace S. Svikis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

African American women may be especially vulnerable to antepartum depression, a major health concern during pregnancy. This study investigated the prevalence and predictors of depressive symptoms in a sample of African American women who were between 14-17 weeks pregnant, a timeframe that is typically thought to be a time of general well-being. Two-thirds reported a CES-D score ≥ 16 indicative of depressive symptomatology. Age, perceived stress (as measured by the Perceived Stress Scale [PSS]), and anxiety (as measured by the State Trait Anxiety Inventory [STAI]) predicted depressive symptoms; the interaction between PSS and STAI scores was also a significant predictor. Our study findings suggest that early identification of stress and anxiety, in addition to depressive symptoms, is vital for intervention with this group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)860-869
Number of pages10
JournalIssues in mental health nursing
Volume36
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health

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