Objective: To examine the prevalence and nutrient composition of menu offerings targeted to customers with dietary restrictions at U.S. fast casual and full-service chain restaurants. Design: We used 2018 data from MenuStat, a database of nutrient information for menu items at large U.S. chain restaurants. Five alternative diets were examined: Gluten-free, low-calorie, low-carbohydrate, low-fat, and vegetarian. Diet offerings were identified by searching MenuStat item descriptions and reviewing online menus. For each diet, we reported counts and proportions. We used bootstrapped multilevel models to examine differences in predicted mean kilojoules, saturated fat, Na, and sugars between diet and non-diet menu items. Setting: 45 U.S. fast casual and full-service chain restaurants in 2018 (including 6419 items in initial analytic sample across small plates, salads, and main dishes). Participants: None. Results: The most prevalent diets were gluten-free (n=631, 9.8% of menu items), low-calorie (n=306, 4.8%), and vegetarian (n=230, 3.6%). Compared to non-diet counterparts, low-calorie main dishes had significantly lower levels of all nutrients examined, and vegetarian main dishes had significantly lower levels of all nutrients except saturated fat. Gluten-free small plates had significantly fewer kilojoules, grams of saturated fat, and milligrams of Na compared to non-diet small plates. Conclusions: A small proportion of fast casual and full-service restaurant menus are targeted toward customers with dietary restrictions. Compared to non-diet items, those classified as gluten-free, low-calorie, or vegetarian generally have healthier nutrient profiles, but overall nutrient values are still too high for most menu items, regardless of dietary label.
- Nutrient composition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health