Prevalence and factors associated with high blood pressure in Korean Americans

Miyong T. Kim, Kim B. Kim, Hee Soon Juon, Martha N. Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study, conducted from October 1998 to February 1999, included a cross-sectional epidemiological survey administered to Korean Americans (KAs) living in Maryland (N = 761). One third (32%) of participants had high blood pressure (HPB: SBP ≥ 140 mm Hg and /or DBP ≥ 90 mm Hg or were on hypertension medication). HBP was more common among males (35%) than females (30%) and those who were aged 50 years or older (53%) compared to those who were less than 50 years old (12%). The prevalence of HBP in Maryland KAs was found to be much higher than in other Americans (24%) and in their counterparts in Korea (22% overall: 29% in males, 11% in females). Only 40% of the hypertensive KAs were taking HBP medication, and 74% of those did not have controlled HBPs. Further, multivariate logistic analyses were conducted to estimate the relative biobehavioral risk factors related to hypertension. Several significant risk factors were identified, including family history of HBP, gender, level of education, level of acculturation, regular exercise, and being overweight. Findings from this study indicate that culturally relevant approaches to prevention and treatment of HBP are urgently needed to address the HBP problem in Korean Americans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-374
Number of pages11
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume10
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2000

Keywords

  • Hypertension
  • Korean Americans
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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