Prevalence and Correlates of Knowledge of Male Partner HIV Testing and Serostatus Among African-American Women Living in High Poverty, High HIV Prevalence Communities (HPTN 064)

Larissa Jennings, Anne M. Rompalo, Jing Wang, James Hughes, Adaora A. Adimora, Sally Hodder, Lydia E. Soto-Torres, Paula M. Frew, Danielle F. Haley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Knowledge of sexual partners’ HIV infection can reduce risky sexual behaviors. Yet, there are no published studies to-date examining prevalence and characteristics associated with knowledge among African-American women living in high poverty communities disproportionately affected by HIV. Using the HIV Prevention Trial Network’s (HPTN) 064 Study data, multivariable logistic regression was used to examine individual, partner, and partnership-level determinants of women’s knowledge (n = 1,768 women). Results showed that women’s demographic characteristics alone did not account for the variation in serostatus awareness. Rather, lower knowledge of partner serostatus was associated with having two or more sex partners (OR = 0.49, 95 % CI 0.37–0.65), food insecurity (OR = 0.68, 95 % CI 0.49–0.94), partner age >35 years (OR = 0.68, 95 % CI 0.49–0.94), and partner concurrency (OR = 0.63, 95 % CI 0.49–0.83). Access to financial support (OR = 1.42, 95 % CI 1.05–1.92) and coresidence (OR = 1.43, 95 % CI 1.05–1.95) were associated with higher knowledge of partner serostatus. HIV prevention efforts addressing African-American women’s vulnerabilities should employ integrated behavioral, economic, and empowerment approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-301
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS and behavior
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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Keywords

  • African-American women
  • HIV
  • Knowledge
  • Male sexual partner
  • Serostatus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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