Prevalence and changes over time of ideal cardiovascular health metrics among African-Americans: The Jackson Heart Study

Luc Djoussé, Andrew B. Petrone, Chad Blackshear, Michael Griswold, Jane L. Harman, Cheryl R. Clark, Sameera Talegawkar, De Marc A. Hickson, J. Michael Gaziano, Patricia M. Dubbert, Adolfo Correa, Katherine L. Tucker, Herman A. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence and changes over time of ideal Life's Simple Seven (LSS) in African-Americans. Methods: Prospective cohort of 5301 African-Americans from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) from 2000 to 2013. Each of the LSS metrics was categorized as poor, intermediate, or ideal. Results: Among men, the prevalence of having 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 ideal LSS was 3.3%, 23.0%, 33.5%, 24.7%, 11.6%, 3.6%, 0.3%, and 0%, respectively. Corresponding values for women were 1.7%, 26.3%, 33.1%, 22.8%, 11.9%, 3.7%, 0.6%, and 0%. Prevalence of ideal diet was 0.9%. The proportions of those meeting LSS ideal recommendations for cholesterol and fasting glucose declined from the first through third JHS visits across all age groups, whereas prevalence of ideal BMI declined only in participants <. 40. years at a given visit. Prevalence of ideal blood pressure did not change over time and being ideal on physical activity improved from the first [18.3% (95% CI: 17.3% to 19.3%)] to third visit [24.8% (95% CI: 23.3% to 26.3%)]. Conclusions: Our data show a low prevalence of ideal LSS (especially diet, physical activity, and obesity) in the JHS and a slight improvement in adherence to physical activity recommendations over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-116
Number of pages6
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume74
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diet
  • Epidemiology
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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