Preterm birth: An overview of risk factors and obstetrical management

Amanda Stewart, Ernest M Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and a major public health concern. Risk factors for preterm birth include a history of preterm birth, short cervix, infection, short interpregnancy interval, smoking, and African-American race. The use of progesterone therapy to treat mothers at risk for preterm delivery is becoming more widespread. Tocolytics may not prevent preterm birth but have a role in prolonging pregnancy for administration of medications to benefit the preterm infant. These include antenatal steroids and, if indicated, magnesium sulfate for neuroprotection and intravenous antibiotics for Group B Streptococcus prophylaxis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-288
Number of pages4
JournalDevelopmental Disabilities Research Reviews
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Fingerprint

Premature Birth
Tocolytic Agents
Magnesium Sulfate
Streptococcus agalactiae
Infant Mortality
Premature Infants
Cervix Uteri
African Americans
Progesterone
Public Health
Smoking
Steroids
Mothers
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Pregnancy
Infection
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Neonatal morbidity and mortality
  • Premature birth
  • Preterm labor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Preterm birth : An overview of risk factors and obstetrical management. / Stewart, Amanda; Graham, Ernest M.

In: Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2010, p. 285-288.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3f276a74081e46ff9671ba206b931f51,
title = "Preterm birth: An overview of risk factors and obstetrical management",
abstract = "Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and a major public health concern. Risk factors for preterm birth include a history of preterm birth, short cervix, infection, short interpregnancy interval, smoking, and African-American race. The use of progesterone therapy to treat mothers at risk for preterm delivery is becoming more widespread. Tocolytics may not prevent preterm birth but have a role in prolonging pregnancy for administration of medications to benefit the preterm infant. These include antenatal steroids and, if indicated, magnesium sulfate for neuroprotection and intravenous antibiotics for Group B Streptococcus prophylaxis.",
keywords = "Neonatal morbidity and mortality, Premature birth, Preterm labor",
author = "Amanda Stewart and Graham, {Ernest M}",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1002/ddrr.124",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "285--288",
journal = "Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews",
issn = "1080-4013",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preterm birth

T2 - An overview of risk factors and obstetrical management

AU - Stewart, Amanda

AU - Graham, Ernest M

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and a major public health concern. Risk factors for preterm birth include a history of preterm birth, short cervix, infection, short interpregnancy interval, smoking, and African-American race. The use of progesterone therapy to treat mothers at risk for preterm delivery is becoming more widespread. Tocolytics may not prevent preterm birth but have a role in prolonging pregnancy for administration of medications to benefit the preterm infant. These include antenatal steroids and, if indicated, magnesium sulfate for neuroprotection and intravenous antibiotics for Group B Streptococcus prophylaxis.

AB - Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal mortality and a major public health concern. Risk factors for preterm birth include a history of preterm birth, short cervix, infection, short interpregnancy interval, smoking, and African-American race. The use of progesterone therapy to treat mothers at risk for preterm delivery is becoming more widespread. Tocolytics may not prevent preterm birth but have a role in prolonging pregnancy for administration of medications to benefit the preterm infant. These include antenatal steroids and, if indicated, magnesium sulfate for neuroprotection and intravenous antibiotics for Group B Streptococcus prophylaxis.

KW - Neonatal morbidity and mortality

KW - Premature birth

KW - Preterm labor

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84868094640&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84868094640&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ddrr.124

DO - 10.1002/ddrr.124

M3 - Article

C2 - 25708070

AN - SCOPUS:84868094640

VL - 16

SP - 285

EP - 288

JO - Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews

JF - Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews

SN - 1080-4013

IS - 4

ER -