Pressure-flow characteristics of the coronary collaterals: A model study

D. Manor, R. Beyar, S. Sideman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The pressure-flow relationship of the coronary collaterals is investigated by using an electrical analog model that combines the coronary epicardial arteries with the nonlinear characteristics of the intramyocardial circulation. The study aims to examine some controversial issues concerning the collateral circulation, including the transmural distribution of the collaterals, the distensibility of the collateral vessels (whether rigid or compliant), the effects of microcirculatory embolization, the collateral zero-flow pressure, and the nonlinearity of the collateral pressure-flow relationship. The study is carried out by simulating and comparing two basic experimental setups in which a coronary artery is ligated and the retrograde flow serves as an index of collateral flow. In the first 'free-flow' setup, flow is allowed to bleed retrogradely against atmospheric pressure while perfusion pressure to the rest of the coronary arteries is varied over a wide range. In the second 'back-pressure' setup, the coronary perfusion pressure is maintained at the control levels while the back pressure to the retrograde flow in the excised artery is varied. According to the analysis, the nonlinear pressure-flow relationships depend heavily on the experimental setup and are a function of the distensibility of the collaterals, which are distributed mainly on the epicardial surface, and the nonlinear contraction characteristics of the myocardium. The measured retrograde flow tends to underestimate the total collateral flow for the back-pressure setup because of antegrade flow escape.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume266
Issue number1 35-1
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • back pressure
  • compliance
  • embolization
  • mathematical model
  • pressure-flow relationship
  • resistance
  • retrograde flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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