Pressure-Enabled Drug Delivery Approach in the Pancreas with Retrograde Venous Infusion of Lipiodol with Ex Vivo Analysis

Aravind Arepally, James Chomas, Steven C. Katz, David Jaroch, K. Pallav Kolli, Ethan Prince, Robert P. Liddell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To determine the safety and feasibility of pancreatic retrograde venous infusion (PRVI) utilizing a microvalvular infusion system (MVI) to deliver ethiodized oil (lipiodol) by means of the Pressure-Enabled Drug Delivery (PEDD) approach. Methods: Utilizing transhepatic access, mapping of the pancreatic body and head venous anatomy was performed in 10 swine. PEDD was performed by cannulation of veins in the head (n = 4) and body (n = 10) of the pancreas with a MVI (Surefire® Infusion System (SIS), Surefire Medical, Inc (DBA TriSalus™ Life Sciences)) followed by infusion with lipiodol. Sets of animals were killed either immediately (n = 8) or at 4 days post-PRVI (n = 2). All pancreata were harvested and studied with micro-CT and histology. We also performed three-dimensional volumetric/multiplanar imaging to assess the vascular distribution of lipiodol within the glands. Results: A total of 14 pancreatic veins were successfully infused with an average of 1.7 (0.5–2.0) mL of lipiodol. No notable change in serum chemistries was seen at 4 days. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of lipiodol deposition was statistically increased both within the organ in target relative to non-target pancreatic tissue and compared to extra pancreatic tissue (p < 0.05). Histological evaluation demonstrated no evidence of pancreatic edema or ischemia. Conclusions: PEDD using the RVI approach for targeted pancreatic infusions is technically feasible and did not result in organ damage in this pilot animal study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-149
Number of pages9
JournalCardiovascular and interventional radiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021


  • Lipiodol
  • Locoregional therapy
  • Pancreas
  • Pancreatic vein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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