Purpose: To determine the safety and feasibility of pancreatic retrograde venous infusion (PRVI) utilizing a microvalvular infusion system (MVI) to deliver ethiodized oil (lipiodol) by means of the Pressure-Enabled Drug Delivery (PEDD) approach. Methods: Utilizing transhepatic access, mapping of the pancreatic body and head venous anatomy was performed in 10 swine. PEDD was performed by cannulation of veins in the head (n = 4) and body (n = 10) of the pancreas with a MVI (Surefire® Infusion System (SIS), Surefire Medical, Inc (DBA TriSalus™ Life Sciences)) followed by infusion with lipiodol. Sets of animals were killed either immediately (n = 8) or at 4 days post-PRVI (n = 2). All pancreata were harvested and studied with micro-CT and histology. We also performed three-dimensional volumetric/multiplanar imaging to assess the vascular distribution of lipiodol within the glands. Results: A total of 14 pancreatic veins were successfully infused with an average of 1.7 (0.5–2.0) mL of lipiodol. No notable change in serum chemistries was seen at 4 days. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of lipiodol deposition was statistically increased both within the organ in target relative to non-target pancreatic tissue and compared to extra pancreatic tissue (p < 0.05). Histological evaluation demonstrated no evidence of pancreatic edema or ischemia. Conclusions: PEDD using the RVI approach for targeted pancreatic infusions is technically feasible and did not result in organ damage in this pilot animal study.
- Locoregional therapy
- Pancreatic vein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine