The purpose of this study was to measure hemodynamic and transvascular filtration changes in the lung during strenuous exercise in sheep. The specific goals were (1) to determine the nature of the reduction in pulmonary arterial pressure (Ppa) after its initial peak rise with onset of exercise; (2) to use a pulmonary artery catheter distal wedge technique ('microwedge') to better assess longitudinal changes in resistance in the pulmonary circulation with exercise; and (3) to compare lung lymph flow and protein concentration changes at comparable estimated microvascular pressure (Pmv) (mean Ppa - mean left atrial pressure) (Pla) x 0.4 + mean Pla) during exercise versus passive left atrial hypertension to determine whether exercise causes a higher than expected lymph flow. We found that cardiac output rises quickly and thereafter remains constant with constant-rate exercise, and, thus, the secondary reduction in Ppa was due to vasodilation and/or recruitment. The microwedge pressure rose more than did Pla, suggesting that actual Pmv was probably higher than that estimated. With hypoxia, most of the change in pulmonary vascular resistance was in upstream vessels (arteries and capillaries), as was most of the exercise-induced vasodilation. Lymph flow rose more quickly and was much higher during brief exercise than during left atrial hypertension at a comparable calculated Pmv, and lymph protein content decreased more quickly. The data point to a Pmv with strenuous exercise that is higher than expected.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine