Preservation of cardiac contractility after long-term therapy with oxypurinol in post-ischemic heart failure in mice

Zhen Tan, Tieying Dai, Xin Zhong, Ye Tian, Michelle K. Leppo, Wei Dong Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Previously, we showed that oral allopurinol increased survival in mice with post-ischemic cardiomyopathy and attributed this outcome to an improvement of excitation-contraction coupling that boosted contractility. In this study, we tested the sustainability of this enhanced contraction associated with decreased oxidative damage over an extended time. Mice were divided into three groups: sham-operated control, myocardial infarction-heart failure (MI-HF), and oxypurinol-treated heart failure (Oxy-HF). After 9-11 months, echocardiography showed that mice treated with oxypurinol (1 mM in drinking water) had significantly higher left ventricle fractional contraction and fractional wall thickening during systole than did mice in the MI-HF group (left ventricle fractional contraction: 28.4 ± 2.2% vs. 19.9 ± 2.3%, P < 0.05; left ventricle fractional wall thickening: 45.0 ± 4.0% vs. 23.5 ± 2.0%, P < 0.05). Left ventricular diastolic dimension, however, remained enlarged (0.50 ± 0.04 vs. 0.54 ± 0.05 cm, not significant). Twitch force was significantly higher at any given external Ca2+ concentration in the Oxy-HF group than in the MI-HF group (P < 0.01); amplitudes of intracellular Ca2+ transients were also higher in the Oxy-HF group but were not statistically different from those of the MI-HF group. Force-frequency relation was improved in the Oxy-HF group. Muscle in the Oxy-HF group exhibited increases in myofilament Ca2+ responsiveness, as evidenced by significantly higher maximal Ca2+-activated force (77.8 ± 12.7 vs. 36.4 ± 4.4 mN/mm2, P < 0.01). Finally, lipid peroxidation and myofilament oxidation were suppressed in the Oxy-HF group. These results indicate that the beneficial effects of antioxidation can be sustained by long-term treatment with oxypurinol after ischemic heart failure, with significantly improved cardiac contractility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-77
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Oct 25 2009


  • (Mouse)
  • Calcium
  • Cardiac contraction
  • Heart failure
  • Oxidative stress
  • Oxypurinol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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