Preschool Inhibitory Control Predicts ADHD Group Status and Inhibitory Weakness in School

Lisa A. Jacobson, Heather Schneider, E. Mark Mahone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Discriminative utility of performance measures of inhibitory control was examined in preschool children with and without ADHD to determine whether performance measures added to diagnostic prediction and to prediction of informant-rated day-to-day executive function. Method: Children ages 4-5 years (N = 105, 61% boys; 54 ADHD, medication-naïve) were assessed using performance measures (Auditory Continuous Performance Test for Preschoolers-Commission errors, Conflicting Motor Response Test, NEPSY Statue) and caregiver (parent, teacher) ratings of inhibition (Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool version). Results: Performance measures and parent and teacher reports of inhibitory control significantly and uniquely predicted ADHD group status; however, performance measures did not add to prediction of group status beyond parent reports. Performance measures did significantly predict classroom inhibitory control (teacher ratings), over and above parent reports of inhibitory control. Conclusions: Performance measures of inhibitory control may be adequate predictors of ADHD status and good predictors of young children's classroom inhibitory control, demonstrating utility as components of clinical assessments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1006-1014
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Volume33
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 24 2017

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Attention
  • Children and behavioral disorders
  • Developmental and learning disabilities
  • Executive functions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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