Preparing for Euro 2012: Developing a hazard risk assessment

Evan G. Wong, Tarek Razek, Artem Luhovy, Irina Mogilevkina, Yuriy Prudnikov, Fedor Klimovitskiy, Yuriy Yutovets, Kosar A. Khwaja, Dan L. Deckelbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction Risk assessment is a vital step in the disaster-preparedness continuum as it is the foundation of subsequent phases, including mitigation, response, and recovery. Hypothesis/Problem To develop a risk assessment tool geared specifically towards the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) Euro 2012. Methods In partnership with the Donetsk National Medical University, Donetsk Research and Development Institute of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Donetsk Regional Public Health Administration, and the Ministry of Emergency of Ukraine, a table-based tool was created, which, based on historical evidence, identifies relevant potential threats, evaluates their impacts and likelihoods on graded scales based on previous available data, identifies potential mitigating shortcomings, and recommends further mitigation measures. Results This risk assessment tool has been applied in the vulnerability-assessment-phase of the UEFA Euro 2012. Twenty-three sub-types of potential hazards were identified and analyzed. Ten specific hazards were recognized as likely to very likely to occur, including natural disasters, bombing and blast events, road traffic collisions, and disorderly conduct. Preventative measures, such as increased stadium security and zero tolerance for impaired driving, were recommended. Mitigating factors were suggested, including clear, incident-specific preparedness plans and enhanced inter-agency communication. Conclusion This hazard risk assessment tool is a simple aid in vulnerability assessment, essential for disaster preparedness and response, and may be applied broadly to future international events. Wong EG, Razek T, Luhovy A, Mogilevkina I, Prudnikov Y, Klimovitskiy F, Yutovets Y, Khwaja KA, Deckelbaum DL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-192
Number of pages6
JournalPrehospital and disaster medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 17 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • disaster
  • disaster planning
  • risk assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency


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