CONTEXT: Craniopharyngiomas, while benign, have the highest morbidity of all nonmalignant sellar tumors. Studies on weight and metabolic outcomes in adult-onset craniopharyngioma (AOCP) remain sparse. OBJECTIVE: To examine postsurgical weight and metabolic outcomes in AOCP and to identify any clinical predictors of weight gain. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients with AOCP who underwent surgery between January 2014 and May 2019 in a single pituitary center. The study included 45 patients with AOCP with a minimum follow-up of 3 months. Median follow-up time was 26 months (interquartile range [IQR] 10-44). Main outcome measures were the changes in weight/body mass index (BMI), metabolic comorbidities, and pituitary deficiencies between preoperative and last follow-up. RESULTS: Both weight and BMI were higher at last follow-up, with a mean increase of 3.4 kg for weight (P = .015) and 1.15 kg/m2 for BMI (P = .0095). Median % weight change was 2.7% (IQR -1.1%, 8.8%). Obesity rate increased from 37.8% at baseline to 55.6% at last follow-up. One-third of patients had ~15% median weight gain. The prevalence of metabolic comorbidities at last follow-up was not different from baseline. Pituitary deficiencies increased postoperatively, with 58% of patients having ≥3 hormonal deficiencies. Preoperative BMI was inversely associated with postoperative weight gain, which remained significant after adjusting for age, sex, race, tumor, and treatment characteristics. Patients with ≥3 hormonal deficiencies at last follow-up also had higher postoperative weight gain. CONCLUSION: In this AOCP cohort, those with a lower BMI at the preoperative visit had higher postoperative weight gain. Our finding may help physicians better counsel patients and provide anticipatory guidance on postoperative expectations and management.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism|
|State||Published - Mar 25 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical