Preoperative and postoperative psychologically informed physical therapy: A systematic review of randomized trials among patients with degenerative spine, hip, and knee conditions

Rogelio A. Coronado, Akshita M. Patel, Lindsey C. McKernan, Stephen T. Wegener, Kristin R. Archer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To summarize evidence on preoperative and postoperative psychologically informed physical therapy (PIPT) for improving outcomes after degenerative spine, hip, or knee surgery. Methods: Four electronic databases were searched. Randomized trials were included if they examined the efficacy of a preoperative or postoperative intervention involving the delivery of psychologically based strategies by a physical therapist for improving function/disability, pain, quality of life, or psychological factors. Outcomes at 12 months or longer were considered long-term. Results: Twelve articles representing 10 unique studies (total N = 1,127 patients, 636 (56.4%) females) in lumbar (n = 7) or cervical spine surgery (n = 1), total knee arthroplasty (n = 1), and total knee/hip arthroplasty (n = 1) were included. The most common PIPT components were coping skills training, psychoeducation, and positive reinforcement. Greater improvements following PIPT were reported in 5 (56%) studies for function/disability, 6 (60%) for pain, 5 (71%) for quality of life, and 7 (70%) for psychological factors. Of these, greater long-term benefit was reported in three studies for function/disability, two for pain or quality of life, and four for psychological factors. Conclusion: When examining postoperative effects, there is no clear superiority of PIPT after surgery. However, the data illustrate potential for further development of PIPT in the context of surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12159
JournalJournal of Applied Biobehavioral Research
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • chronic pain
  • cognitive therapy
  • orthopedics
  • physical therapy
  • postoperative care
  • psychotherapy
  • rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Preoperative and postoperative psychologically informed physical therapy: A systematic review of randomized trials among patients with degenerative spine, hip, and knee conditions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this