Preliminary marked increase in the national organ donation rate in Israel following implementation of a new organ transplantation law

J. Lavee, T. Ashkenazi, A. Stoler, J. Cohen, R. Beyar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Israel's organ donation rate has always been among the lowest in Western countries. In 2008 two new laws relevant to organ transplantation were introduced. The Brain-Respiratory Death Law defines the precise circumstances and mechanisms to determine brain death. The Organ Transplantation Law bans reimbursing transplant tourism involving organ trade, grants prioritization in organ allocation to candidates who are registered donors and removes disincentives for living donation by providing modest insurance reimbursement and social supportive services. The preliminary impact of the gradual introduction and implementation of these laws has been witnessed in 2011. Compared to previous years, in 2011 there was a significant increase in the number of deceased organ donors directly related to an increase in organ donation rate (from 7.8 to 11.4 donors per million population), in parallel to a significant increase in the number of new registered donors. In addition the number of kidney transplantations from living donors significantly increased in parallel to a significant decrease in the number of kidney transplantations performed abroad (from 155 in 2006 to 35 in 2011). The new laws have significantly increased both deceased and living organ donation while sharply decreasing transplant tourism. The authors report preliminary results following implementation of a new Organ Transplantation Law and Brain-Respiratory Death Law in Israel, showing a significant increase in national deceased and living organ donation rates combined with marked decrease in transplant tourism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)780-785
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tissue and Organ Procurement
Organ Transplantation
Israel
Brain Death
Tissue Donors
Transplants
Kidney Transplantation
Organized Financing
Living Donors
Insurance
Social Work
Motivation
Population

Keywords

  • Brain death
  • Declaration of Istanbul
  • organ allocation
  • organ donation rate
  • organ shortage
  • registered donors
  • transplant tourism
  • waiting list mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Preliminary marked increase in the national organ donation rate in Israel following implementation of a new organ transplantation law. / Lavee, J.; Ashkenazi, T.; Stoler, A.; Cohen, J.; Beyar, R.

In: American Journal of Transplantation, Vol. 13, No. 3, 03.2013, p. 780-785.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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