Pregnancy outcomes among U.S. women Vietnam veterans

Han K. Kang, Clare M. Mahan, Kyung Y. Lee, Carol A. Magee, Susan H. Mather, Genevieve Matanoski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Since the 1965-1975 Vietnam War, there has been persistent concern that women who served in the U.S. military in Vietnam may have experienced adverse pregnancy outcomes. Methods: We compared self-reported pregnancy outcomes for 4,140 women Vietnam veterans with those of 4,140 contemporary women veterans who were not deployed to Vietnam. As a measure of association, we calculated odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using logistic regression adjusting for age at conception, race, education, military nursing status, smoking, drinking and other exposures during pregnancy. Result: There was no statistically significant association between military service in Vietnam and index pregnancies resulting in miscarriage or stillbirth, low birth weight, pre-term delivery, or infant death. The risk of having children with 'moderate-to-severe' birth defects was significantly elevated among Vietnam veterans (adjusted OR = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.06-2.02). Conclusion: The risk of birth defects among index children was significantly associated with mother's military service in Vietnam.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-454
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Vietnam
Veterans
Pregnancy Outcome
Military Nursing
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Pregnancy
Stillbirth
Low Birth Weight Infant
Spontaneous Abortion
Drinking
Logistic Models
Smoking
Mothers
Education

Keywords

  • Pregnancy outcomes
  • Vietnam war
  • Women veterans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Pregnancy outcomes among U.S. women Vietnam veterans. / Kang, Han K.; Mahan, Clare M.; Lee, Kyung Y.; Magee, Carol A.; Mather, Susan H.; Matanoski, Genevieve.

In: American Journal of Industrial Medicine, Vol. 38, No. 4, 2000, p. 447-454.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kang, Han K. ; Mahan, Clare M. ; Lee, Kyung Y. ; Magee, Carol A. ; Mather, Susan H. ; Matanoski, Genevieve. / Pregnancy outcomes among U.S. women Vietnam veterans. In: American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 2000 ; Vol. 38, No. 4. pp. 447-454.
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