Pregnancy-Associated Deaths from Homicide, Suicide, and Drug Overdose: Review of Research and the Intersection with Intimate Partner Violence

Jacquelyn Campbell, Sabrina Matoff-Stepp, Martha L. Velez, Helen Hunter Cox, Kathryn Laughon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The leading causes of pregnancy-associated deaths, as defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, are homicide, suicide, and drug overdose. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy has been shown to contribute to maternal mortality from pregnancy-associated deaths. In this article, we discuss these leading causes of pregnancy-associated deaths. We review the prevalence, demographic characteristics, and possible factors leading to each cause of death, as well as evidence-based methods of identification, prevention, and intervention. The review also will include data showing racial and ethnic inequities. In addition, we identify gaps and guiding questions for further research, as well as suggestions for immediate changes in practice and policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)236-244
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • female homicide
  • female suicide
  • intimate partner violence
  • maternal mortality
  • pregnancy-associated deaths
  • pregnancy-associated drug overdose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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