Preferences for an HIV prevention mobile phone app: A qualitative study among men who have sex with men in China

Aidi Zhang, Nancy Reynolds, Jason Farley, Xiao Wang, Simin Tan, Jin Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have a disproportionate burden of HIV infection. Mobile phone apps provide a promising means of improving HIV prevention among MSM. But this has received little examination in China. The objective of this study was to explore MSM's preferences for an HIV prevention mobile phone app. Methods: Qualitative semi-structured personal interviews were conducted with 19 MSM to determine their preferences for features and content to inform the design of an app aimed at HIV prevention in China. Results: Five categories were identified under the main category preferences for features of the app: target population, attributes, language used, potential user access, and perceived usefulness. Five categories were identified under the main category preferences for content of the app: functions to facilitate HIV testing behavior, HIV post-exposure prevention, warning against substance use, psychological support, and areas for communication. Conclusions: Findings suggest that the design of an app targeting MSM in China should use an integrated framework addressing behavioral and psychological aspects, satisfy common needs of potential users, avoid perpetuating negative stereotypes and stigma, and avoid possible increase of risk behavior due to using the app.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number297
JournalBMC public health
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 12 2019

Keywords

  • HIV prevention
  • Integrated framework
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Mobile phone app

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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