Predictors of withdrawal from renal replacement therapy among patients with acute kidney injury requiring renal replacement therapy

Katsuhito Ihara, Junichi Ishigami, Seiji Inoshita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although recovery of renal function after an episode of acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important clinical measure of morbidity, predictors of withdrawal from renal replacement therapy (RRT) among AKI patients remain unclear. Methods: In this single-center retrospective cohort study, we examined the clinical records of AKI patients requiring RRT who were hospitalized in the ICU or general wards at our hospital from January 2010 to December 2013. A priori-determined covariates of age, sex, cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease (CKD), mean arterial pressure (MAP), sepsis, nephrotoxic agents, and hypoalbuminemia were assessed in Cox hazard models to estimate hazard ratio (HR). Results: A total of 334 patients were enrolled (median age, 68 years; interquartile range [IQR], 57–77 years; male, 71.6%). During follow-up 157 (47.0%) patients achieved RRT withdrawal. Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that CKD, MAP between 95 and 105 mmHg and MAP ≥ 105 mmHg, compared with MAP between 65 and 75 mmHg, ventilator use and hypoalbuminemia, were significantly associated with RRT withdrawal. Conclusion: Among patients with AKI requiring RRT, CKD, ventilator use, hypoalbuminemia, and high MAP were associated with RRT withdrawal. Furthermore, keeping a higher MAP at RRT initiation can potentially lead to dependence on RRT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)814-824
Number of pages11
JournalClinical and Experimental Nephrology
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019

Keywords

  • AKI requiring RRT
  • Acute kidney injury (AKI)
  • Discontinuation
  • Predictors
  • Renal replacement therapy (RRT)
  • Withdrawal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Nephrology
  • Physiology (medical)

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