Predictors of the survival of AIDS cases in Barcelona, Spain

Joan Batalla, Josep M. Gatell, Joan A. Caylà, Antoni Plasencia, Josep M. Jansà, Neus Parellada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Factors influencing the outcome of disease were analysed in 289 adults presenting with AIDS in Barcelona, Spain from January 1986 (31 cases) to December 1987 (258 cases). One hundred and fifty-four (53.3%) were parenteral drug addicts and 100 (34.6%) were male homosexuals. Ninety-six (33.2%) presented with tuberculosis, 148 (51.2%), with other opportunistic infections, 34 (11.7%) with Kaposi's sarcoma, and the remaining 11 with a lymphoma. By February 1988, 144 (49.8%) of the 289 had died, with an actuarial survival probability of 46.7% at 2 years (40.7%-52.7%, 95% confidence interval). The factors selected by the multivariate analysis as independently worsening the prognosis were: having been diagnosed as having AIDS before 1986, being more than 45 years old, not being a parenteral drug addict and presenting with an opportunistic infection other than a tuberculosis or with a malignancy. In conclusion, some factors influencing the prognosis for AIDS patients are very dependent upon the geographical area of the series.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)355-359
Number of pages5
JournalAIDS
Volume3
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Epidemiology
  • Prognosis
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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