Predictors of sharing injection equipment by HIV-seropositive injection drug users

Carl A. Latkin, Amy S. Buchanan, Lisa R. Metsch, Kelly Knight, Mary H. Latka, Yuko Mizuno, Amy R. Knowlton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Among HIV-positive injection drug users (IDUs), we examined baseline predictors of lending needles and syringes and sharing cookers, cotton, and rinse water in the prior 3 months at follow-up. Participants were enrolled in Intervention for Seropositive Injectors - Research and Evaluation, a secondary prevention intervention for sexually active HIV-positive IDUs in 4 US cities during 2001-2005. The analyses involved 357 participants who reported injecting drugs in the prior 6 months at either the 6- or 12-month follow-up visit. About half (49%) reported at least 1 sharing episode. In adjusted analyses, peer norms supporting safer injection practices and having primary HIV medical care visits in the prior 6 months were associated with reporting no sharing of injection equipment. Higher levels of psychological distress were associated with a greater likelihood of reporting drug paraphernalia sharing. These findings suggest that intervention approaches for reducing HIV-seropositive IDUs' transmission of blood-borne infections should include peer-focused interventions to alter norms of drug paraphernalia sharing and promoting primary HIV care and mental health services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-450
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Keywords

  • HIV seropositives
  • Injection drug users
  • Medical care
  • Psychological distress
  • Sharing injection equipment
  • Social norms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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