Predictors of renal outcomes in sclerotic class anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody glomerulonephritis

Steven Menez, Zdenka Hruskova, Jennifer Scott, Sarah Cormican, Min Chen, Alan D. Salama, Sami Alasfar, Mark A. Little, Hana Safrankova, Eva Honsova, Vladimir Tesar, Duvuru Geetha

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Abstract

Background: The prognostic value of the anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated glomerulonephritis (GN) classification has been demonstrated in several cohorts with sclerotic class having the worst renal outcome. Relevant published data on factors predicting outcomes in sclerotic ANCA GN is limited. Methods: Sclerotic ANCA GN patients were recruited from 5 centers worldwide for this retrospective cohort study. We describe the clinical characteristics of this cohort and evaluate predictors of 1-year glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Kidney function at 12 months as measured by Modification of Diet in Renal Disease estimated GFR (eGFR) was modeled by simple and multiple linear regression analyses. We used Cox proportional hazards regression modeling to evaluate ESRD-free survival. Results: Of the 50 patients, 92% were Caucasian and 60% male with a mean age of 61 years. While 72% had renal limited disease, 82% were MPO ANCA positive. Kidney biopsies contained a median of 20 (interquartile range [IQR] 15-34) glomeruli with 96% showing moderate to severe interstitial fibrosis. Overall, 96% of patients received immunosuppressive drug therapy and 16% received plasmapheresis. Treatment response was achieved in all but 1 patient. The median (IQR) eGFR at entry was 14.5 (9-19) mL/min/1.73 m2. Over a median (IQR) follow-up of 33.5 (17-82) months, 26 patients reached ESRD. Ten patients died with 6 of the deaths occurring within the first year of diagnosis. The hazard of progression to ESRD was significantly higher in those with lower GFR at study entry (p = 0.003) and with higher degree of tubular atrophy (p = 0.043). Conclusions: Renal recovery is rare among sclerotic ANCA GN patients requiring dialysis at entry and 12% of patients died in the first year. Entry GFR and tubular atrophy were significant predictors of GFR at 12 months and renal survival in patients with sclerotic class ANCA GN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-471
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Nephrology
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

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Keywords

  • ANCA vasculitis
  • Immunosuppression
  • Kidney biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

Menez, S., Hruskova, Z., Scott, J., Cormican, S., Chen, M., Salama, A. D., Alasfar, S., Little, M. A., Safrankova, H., Honsova, E., Tesar, V., & Geetha, D. (2018). Predictors of renal outcomes in sclerotic class anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody glomerulonephritis. American Journal of Nephrology, 48(6), 465-471. https://doi.org/10.1159/000494840