Rationale: Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a major complication of premature birth and the most common cause of chronic lung disease in infancy. Previous studies have shown that children with a history of BPD have impaired lung function in childhood compared to their term counterparts. However, little is known about potential modifiable factors that alter lung function trajectories and subsequent respiratory morbidity in this population. Objectives: To identify potential modifiable risk factors for the development of impaired lung function in patients with a history of prematurity and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Methods: Growth parameters (birth, 2 years old, 6 years old) and pulmonary function testing (6 years old) were retrospectively reviewed for subjects (n = 598) recruited from an outpatient BPD clinic who were born ≤36 weeks gestation and were ≥5 years of age. Results: Of the 598 recruited subjects, 88 (14.7%) performed adequate pulmonary function testing at approximately 6 years of age. The mean forced expiratory volume in 1 s global lung initiative (GLI) Z-score was −1.31 with lower values associated with Nissen fundoplication. The mean forced vital capacity GLI Z-score was −0.72 with lower values associated with higher amounts of oxygen required at time of initial hospital discharge and Nissen fundoplication. Conclusion: Our study found that children with BPD have lower predicted lung function values. Although growth parameters at age 2 and 6 years did not correlate with lung function values at 6 years of age; use and greater requirement for supplemental oxygen and the presence of a Nissen fundoplication at discharge were associated with lower lung function. Prospective studies should focus on identifying modifiable risk factors that could minimize the impact of BPD on later lung function.
- bronchopulmonary dysplasia
- pulmonary function testing
- socioeconomic status
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine