Predictors of functional outcomes and recurrent shoulder instability after arthroscopic anterior stabilization

Giorgio Gasparini, Massimo De Benedetto, Arcangela Cundari, Marco De Gori, Nicola Orlando, Edward G. McFarland, Olimpio Galasso, Roberto Castricini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate what factors might predict the results of arthroscopic stabilization for anterior shoulder instability. Methods: One hundred and forty-three patients averaging 25 (15–58) years with traumatic anterior shoulder instability who underwent arthroscopic stabilization were reviewed at a median follow-up of 81 (24–172) months. Sixty-two (56.4 %) individuals were involved in contact sport activities, and there were 40 (30 %) patients who had only one dislocation prior to having surgery. Rowe score was measured preoperatively and at follow-up. Results: Thirty-three (23.1 %) patients experienced recurrent instability 12 (1–120) months after surgery, and 15 of those underwent further surgery. There was a statistically significant lower risk of failure (p = 0.027) for patients who had a surgical procedure after only one episode of shoulder dislocation. Patients treated after the second or further episode of shoulder dislocation exhibited a mean odds ratio for failure of 3.8 (95 % confidence interval 1.2–11.6, p = 0.044) with regard to first-time dislocators. The Rowe score significantly improved from a preoperative value of 25 (5–55) to a postoperative value of 100 (40–100) (p < 0.001). A significantly higher postoperative Rowe score was found in patients older than 24 years of age at the operation (p = 0.011) and in patients with less than eight dislocations prior to surgery (p = 0.05). Conclusions: These results suggest that better functional results following arthroscopic stabilization can be expected in patients over 24 years of age and in those with a fewer number of dislocations preoperatively. A lower rate of recurrence can be expected if the patient undergoes surgery after the first episode of dislocation. Level of evidence: Prognostic study, Level II.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-413
Number of pages8
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Arthroscopic stabilization
  • First-time dislocators
  • Outcome predictors
  • Shoulder instability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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