Predictors of Completion of Sublingual Immunotherapy

Nanki Hura, Sophia Song, Rebecca J. Kamil, Gerdline Pierre, Sandra Y. Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) has emerged as an effective treatment alternative to subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) given its improved safety profile and more convenient dosing. However, SLIT still relies on daily dosing for many years to optimize effectiveness. This study sought to investigate factors that influence patient completion of SLIT. Methods: We performed an institutional retrospective review of patients who received SLIT (2008–2020). Completion was defined as completing at least 36 months of SLIT. Patient demographics and characteristics, including the number of allergens treated, history of asthma and sinus surgery, number of clinic visits, and total time undergoing SLIT, were documented. Multivariate models were used to analyze predictors of SLIT completion. Subgroup analysis was performed among pediatric patients and patients who discontinued SLIT. Results: Of the 404 total patients, 249 (61.6%) discontinued, 47 (11.6%) completed, and 108 (26.7%) were currently undergoing SLIT. The mean duration of therapy was 11.2 months for those who discontinued and 49.4 months for patients who completed SLIT. The odds of SLIT completion were twice as high with each additional clinic visit (P <.001), and twice as high when the dosage was increased during therapy (P =.06). Pediatric patients younger than age 12 with a history of asthma were over five times more likely to complete therapy (P =.045). Patients with more clinic visits (P <.001) and higher associated costs (P =.003) were less likely to be lost to follow-up. Conclusion: Increasing the frequency of clinic visits, improving therapy availability, and mitigating concerns about clinical efficacy may increase patient completion of SLIT. Level of Evidence: 4 Laryngoscope, 2020.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalLaryngoscope
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • allergens
  • allergic rhinitis
  • immunotherapy
  • Sublingual immunotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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