Predictors of Cognitive Change in Older Persons: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging

Marilyn Albert, Kenneth Jones, Cary R. Savage, Lisa Berkman, Teresa Seeman, Dan Blazer, John W. Rowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study used a linear structural relations modeling technique (LISREL) to examine longitudinal data for 1,192 persons from a community-based population. The goal was to test the ability of an a priori model to predict cognitive change over a 2.0- to 2.5-year period in older adults aged 70-79 at the initial evaluation. The model included 22 demographic, physical, and psychosocial variables as predictors of cognitive function and cognitive change. The study used an exploratory-confirmatory design, enabling cross-validation of the model developed in the exploratory set in the confirmatory sample. Structural equation modeling analyses identified 4 endogenous model variables (education, strenuous activity, peak pulmonary expiratory flow rate, and self-efficacy) as direct predictors of cognitive change over the study period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)578-589
Number of pages12
JournalPsychology and Aging
Volume10
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Peak Expiratory Flow Rate
Aptitude
Self Efficacy
Cognition
Demography
Education
Lung
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Aging
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Albert, M., Jones, K., Savage, C. R., Berkman, L., Seeman, T., Blazer, D., & Rowe, J. W. (1995). Predictors of Cognitive Change in Older Persons: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging. Psychology and Aging, 10(4), 578-589.

Predictors of Cognitive Change in Older Persons : MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging. / Albert, Marilyn; Jones, Kenneth; Savage, Cary R.; Berkman, Lisa; Seeman, Teresa; Blazer, Dan; Rowe, John W.

In: Psychology and Aging, Vol. 10, No. 4, 12.1995, p. 578-589.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Albert, M, Jones, K, Savage, CR, Berkman, L, Seeman, T, Blazer, D & Rowe, JW 1995, 'Predictors of Cognitive Change in Older Persons: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging' Psychology and Aging, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 578-589.
Albert M, Jones K, Savage CR, Berkman L, Seeman T, Blazer D et al. Predictors of Cognitive Change in Older Persons: MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging. Psychology and Aging. 1995 Dec;10(4):578-589.
Albert, Marilyn ; Jones, Kenneth ; Savage, Cary R. ; Berkman, Lisa ; Seeman, Teresa ; Blazer, Dan ; Rowe, John W. / Predictors of Cognitive Change in Older Persons : MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging. In: Psychology and Aging. 1995 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 578-589.
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