Predictors and outcomes of health-related quality of life in adults with CKD

CRIC Study Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and objectives: Low health-related quality of life is associated with increased mortality in patients with ESRD. However, little is known about demographic and clinical factors associated with health-related quality of life or its effect on outcomes in adults with CKD. Design, settings, participants, & measurements: Data from 3837 adult participants with mild to severe CKD enrolled in the prospective observational Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort and Hispanic Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort Studies were analyzed. Health-related quality of life was assessed at baseline with the Kidney Disease Quality of Life-36 and its five subscales: mental component summary, physical component summary, burden of kidney disease (burden), effects of kidney disease (effects), and symptoms and problems of kidney disease (symptoms). Low health-related quality of life was defined as baseline score >1 SD below the mean. Using Cox proportional hazards analysis, the relationships between low health-related quality of life and the following outcomes were examined: (1) CKD progression (50% eGFR loss or incident ESRD), (2) incident cardiovascular events, and (3) all-cause death. Results: Younger age, women, low education, diabetes, vascular disease, congestive heart failure, obesity, and lower eGFRwere associatedwith lowbaseline health-related quality of life (P<0.05). During amedian follow-up of 6.2 years, there were 1055 CKD progression events, 841 cardiovascular events, and 694 deaths. Significantly higher crude rates ofCKDprogression, incident cardiovascular events, and all-cause deathwere observed among participants with low health-related quality of life in all subscales (P<0.05). In fully adjusted models, low physical component summary, effects, and symptoms subscales were independently associated with a higher risk of incident cardiovascular events and death, whereas low mental component summary was independently associated with a higher risk of death (P<0.05). Low health-related quality of life was not associated with CKD progression. Conclusions: Low health-related quality of life across several subscales was independently associated with a higher risk of incident cardiovascular events and death but not associated with CKD progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1154-1162
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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