Predictors and moderators of treatment response in childhood anxiety disorders: Results from the CAMS trial

Scott N. Compton, Tara S. Peris, Daniel Almirall, Boris Birmaher, Joel Sherrill, Phillip C. Kendall, John S. March, Elizabeth A. Gosch, Golda S. Ginsburg, Moira A. Rynn, John C. Piacentini, James T. McCracken, Courtney P. Keeton, Cynthia M. Suveg, Sasha G. Aschenbrand, Dara Sakolsky, Satish Iyengar, John T. Walkup, Anne Marie Albano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: We sought to examine predictors and moderators of treatment outcomes among 488 youths ages 7-17 years (50% female; 74% ≠12 years) meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev.; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) criteria for diagnoses of separation anxiety disorder, social phobia, or generalized anxiety disorder who were randomly assigned to receive either cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), sertraline (SRT), their combination (COMB), or medication management with pill placebo (PBO) in the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS). Method: Six classes of predictor and moderator variables (22 variables) were identified from the literature and examined using continuous (Pediatric Anxiety Ratings Scale; PARS) and categorical (Clinical Global Impression Scale-Improvement; CGI-I) outcome measures. Results: Three baseline variables predicted better outcomes (independent of treatment condition) on the PARS, including low anxiety severity (as measured by parents and independent evaluators) and caregiver strain. No baseline variables were found to predict Week 12 responder status (CGI-I). Participantsâ principal diagnosis moderated treatment outcomes but only on the PARS. No baseline variables were found to moderate treatment outcomes on Week 12 responder status (CGI-I). Discussion: Overall, anxious children responded favorably to CAMS treatments. However, having more severe and impairing anxiety, greater caregiver strain, and a principal diagnosis of social phobia were associated with less favorable outcomes. Clinical implications of these findings are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-224
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Volume82
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Childhood
  • Moderators
  • Predictors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Compton, S. N., Peris, T. S., Almirall, D., Birmaher, B., Sherrill, J., Kendall, P. C., March, J. S., Gosch, E. A., Ginsburg, G. S., Rynn, M. A., Piacentini, J. C., McCracken, J. T., Keeton, C. P., Suveg, C. M., Aschenbrand, S. G., Sakolsky, D., Iyengar, S., Walkup, J. T., & Albano, A. M. (2014). Predictors and moderators of treatment response in childhood anxiety disorders: Results from the CAMS trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82(2), 212-224. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035458